My draft can be found from this link.
Last part is just ideas to develop further.
Presentation 14.12.2018 in this link
I looked more carefully the project I was interested in previous post. It was carried out by group of researches from Helsinki University and it affiliated with the Department of Social Studies. The responsible researcher was Ph.D. Pasi Mäenpää, adjunct professor of urban sociology.
This R&D project was to renew old suburban shopping centres in Helsinki. Some information was found in a blog they had during the project. Blog was to discuss and change information with stakeholders and other interested people. There they shared and stored information during the project and can still be found.
The aim of the project was to practically innovate new modes of residential services by applying concept of 4P (Public-Private-People-Partnership) in specific suburbs. Suburban shopping centres in Haaga, Laajasalo and Myllypuro were chosen to develop new concepts for.
Project started in January 2014 and there was regularly posting to the blog. Unfortunately, the language was Finnish, but it was free to comment on English.
Questions in blog for stakeholders were: What would you do with the old shopping centres? What kind of services should and could locate there?
I contacted Pasi Mäenpää by email and asked if there has been done a follow-up study or not. He replied that no, at least he haven’t heard, and he would be interested to discuss with us if we decide to carry out research in this case. That would be a good start.
In blog (in Finnish) is information on negotiations, citizen panels, guided tours, publications in press and there can be seen opinions of different stakeholders. Contact information for them is not provided, but that could be found from project archives or found otherwise.
Project ended 2.6.2015 and then was organized a bus tour for journalists, municipality officials, planners and architects. There were other shopping centres researched in this project and this bus tour covered them all. (Myllypuro new shopping centre being one)
Research questions for us could be: What has happened in Pohjois-Haaga shopping centre since project ended? Did project make something to happen? How do inhabitants think about it now? Has something improved? What is still to be done? Some new ideas?
It takes a group of students to carry out this follow-up study. Someone being interested in shopping centres? Interesting is also to find out and learn the way the reseach group have carried out this few years earlier. One task would be site visits, and interviews, observations would also be interesting to do. And some other methods can be tested, referring to Methods -course.
We met some very active people from Haaga during the field trip and they are willing to co-operate with us. They have their interest in trash picking (Littermovement, pick a trash per day). Their community is one group that could be contacted, in addition to those groups that attended to researches project. A questionnaire could be possible to share with help of these groups, still have to be asked.
Interesting would be making the questionnaire so that results can be analyzed using statistical programmig tool R. Kimmo Vehkalahti introduced the tool, and this can be reasonable opportunity to enhance skills using it.
Let´s see on Friday, if there will be encourging and inspiring discussion on this!
Social scientists (Junnilainen, Kortteinen) have told during the lectures that it is a good idea to go to Ostari, the mall, of the area. There you can observe people and real life in neighborhood and get into contact with them.
We visited northern Haaga mall during the field trip and place looked interesting. It looked like it has been there for a long time, there were old trees very near the building, but it has been renovated some time ago. It has many activities, an important everyday service is a grocery store Alepa and it also has some educational activities for free time for adults. We stopped there, but didn’t interview people or look more carefully, but the atmosphere there was not very inviting.
I found more information about it from project report made by Pasi Mäenpää from University of Helsinki. Project was done in 2014 and it was about developing plans and was done in a way that involved many stakeholders to take part.
There was this short introduction: Mall was built in 1959 and it is one of the oldest in Helsinki. Before it was common to have shops and services at the lower floor of residential buildings, but this was new suburban style in planning. Mall and neighboring residential building is planned by Airi Seikkala-Viertokangas.
Museum authorities in Helsinki municipality have valued the building very high, it is an essential part of the area and is a valuable historic building. There was a conflict between restoring ideas and other developing ideas. The company that manages the building wanted to built a residential house with some shops and tear the building down.
There were also dissatisfaction among Haaga residents and they were very active and insisted that something has to be done. They also were proud that there used to be a place where Hurriganes (very famous finnish rock band in 70’s) had possibility to play and train.
Biggest problems among inhabitants in Haaga was that there are so many pubs, clients are noisy and the environment is uncomfortable.
In project the group of reseachers made actions to influence this disturbance and also interviewed many stakeholders. They developed the activities together and had public discussions. Important message in the report was that is important that municipal services could get combined and use facilities like this mall. It could be interesting to find out what the situation in the mall is now, 4 years after this improvement project.
Traffic causes negative elements to urban environment and accidents is one of them. It is not very often we see accidents happen, so it might seem that neighborhoods we live in or visit are quite okay in this sense.
I started looking the situation in whole Helsinki area. First map shows that there has happened over 100 accidents in Haaga area in year 2016. Map shows that Haaga and its neigborhoods are the worst place in Helsinki. The statistics take into account all accidents where someone has injured or dead and that has been informed to police. This map can be found in Helsinki map service. In the second map I looked more carefully which age groups and what kind of traffic user has had accidents. It shows that in Haaga area there has been 5 accidents where person over 65 years as a driver has had a serious accident.
More accurate data can be found in Helsinki Region Infoshare. It is in text format (CSV), but has spatial information and can be used in QGIS. Next map shows all accidents, also those with only material loss, in Haaga area during 2000-2016. Year 2016 is marked in green in first map.
Last map shows accidents with material loss with smaller lilac dots, someone injured is yellow and deaths are marked with red dots.
Traffic accidents happen for many reasons and are not obviously bound to a place. But if there are very dense bad spots, it is worth to have a close look and find out if there is something in the environment to improve.
All these areas were under ice about 10 000 years ago. It has effected nature and soil and is a good starting point to reconstruct Haaga before human. In this video you can see ice covering Finland in different ages. Video animation
Ice was very thick and heavy and land is still rising. Rising speed in Haaga is slow, 4 mm/year, but interesting phenomenom that has affected the landscape.
After ice melted away, these areas were mostly under water. All areas were washed, so in a way sorted. In this map is is show the soil types. Red is solid rock, blue is glay, orange is moraine, greys are peat land and raster means that area is filled or not investigated. Mapping is based on soil types found 1 meter under surface of the earth.
The vegetation that came after ice had melted formed slowly organic soil layers. Other plants could then find places to grow and transform this place to a forest. Among the first ones came hays, marunas, juniper and wicker.
Trees are thought to have arrived in Finland mainly from the southeast and the east. First came birch, and there were forests with only birches. Then came pine and forests consisted of both birches and pines. After that, at about same time, came alder, aspen, hazel, elm and oak. There was a warm period at that time, but about 5000 years ago climate started to cool down again and in Southern Finland, the proportion of noble hardwood trees began to decrease and the share of pine to grow. In Haaga before human there was presumably lot of pine forests, some areas with more diverse vegetation in areas that have fertile soil (glay) and some open land in peat areas.
I find high places interesting. When you go there you can see far and in new neighborhoods you can see more and sometimes the whole area. In this place is interesting also that it invites you to climb up, you cannot see if there opens a view or not. It is like being curious and wanting to see behind the next corner. In this picture I have almost conquered this hill.
Our findings to discuss on Friday can be found in this video
Along our trip from I was happy to see different kind of vegetation and most of all quite nice variation in ecosystems. Maintaining biodiversity is a difficult question when planning and building something.
In this short story I want to point out that along our way several trees that were not alive anymore was left there. Some trees fall down, but pines leave standing for very long time. Pines that are dried and standing still can typically be seen in nature reservation areas or in Lappland. And in suburbs we saw them during first hours of the trip. That was something I did not expect. Remindings of Finnish national landscapes, or wild, abandoned areas.
In Viikinkallio there was natural forest and landscape with strong variation in elevation and solid rock. Ground is dry and after very warm summer there was e.g dried birches. Pines were dried up. It takes time to grow, then to dry and still it can stand up very long time, almost as long as it has grown.
I think pine is like a symbol for importance leaving nature areas diverse. Pine doesn’t rotten like e.g spruce or birch. Those trees provide important living environments for animals that live from rotten wood.
There was trees left in some places, also in built area. This example is in Käpylä where people have large gardens around houses. I wonder how these trees could have been left there. No-one is afraid of them falling? Or don’t think they look nice? Is it ok for people living there, or would they like to impress the plot owners to do something? I have met so many “clean” people and that is why I wonder that those are not considered as a trash. Or do Finnish people share a culture that it is respected to see dried pines in landscape? The first picture in this post is a curtain designed by Finnish Vallila company. It is very popular pattern and has got it’s inspiration from traditional landscapes.
I hope dried pines along our way from Myllypuro to Leppävaara can stay there and show us an example of diversity.
I am very eager to study and have found USP a very good choice. I consider multidiciplinary approach interesting and important. Earlier I have studied traffic planning, landscape planning and have done some futures studies. I have also working experience in these fields e.g as a traffic planner, spatial planning engineer, project manager and now as a senior lecturer at Häme university of applied sciences.
During our excursion we met interesting people. They were the founders of citizen movement: Roska päivässä (Litter movement)
More here: https://www.facebook.com/groups/6646126686/
They are interested in co-operation with us!